On April 27th 1961, Sierra Leone gained #Independence.
#Archaeological findings show that Sierra Leone has been #inhabited for 1000s of years. #Traditional #historiography has customarily presented it as peopled by successive waves of #invaders, but the #language pattern suggests that the coastal Bulom (Sherbro), Temne, and Limba have been in continuous settled occupation for a long time, with subsequent sporadic immigration from #inland by Mande-speaking peoples, including Vai Loko, and Mende. They organized themselves in small political units—independent #kingdoms or #chiefdoms—whose #rulers’ powers were checked by councils. Secret #societies, notably the #Poro society, also exercised political #power, as well as instructing initiates in the customs of the country.
#Muslim traders brought #Islam, which became firmly established in the north and subsequently spread through the rest of the country. #Portuguese voyagers gave the name #SerraLyoa (“Lion Mountains”), later corrupted to Sierra Leone, to the mountainous #peninsula at the mouth of the Rokel (Seli) River where, from the 15th century onward, #European traders congregated near the site of present-day #Freetown under the protection of #African rulers, who welcomed them for the commercial opportunities they provided—namely, the exchange of imported manufactured goods for #ivory and slaves to be employed across the #Atlantic.
A group of freed slaves arrived in Sierra Leone from #England in 1787 to form a settlement. It failed but was revived by the Sierra Leone Company, a commercial company sponsored by English opponents of the slave trade. Black settlers who had liberated themselves from American slavery were brought over from Nova Scotia and built a new settlement, named Freetown. In 1800 “#Maroons,” free blacks from #Jamaica, were also brought in. These settlers were English-speaking, and many were literate and #Christian.
After the British Parliament made the slave trade illegal in 1807, the British government took over the settlement (Jan. 1, 1808). Full info via link in bio.